A pseudo-customer cross-sectional study to evaluate the community pharmacist’s management of migraine in pregnant women

Main Article Content

Keywords

Community pharmacist, Community pharmacy, Migraine, Pseudo-customer, Pregnant woman

Abstract

Background: To the best of our knowledge few published studies have been conducted to evaluate customer’s care services in community pharmacies in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) using the pseudo-customer model. This further indicates that there is a paucity of information available about the current care services provided by the community pharmacists particularly for pregnant women with migraine. Objective: The main objective was to evaluate, the effectiveness of the pseudo-customer method on the care services (counseling, advice, and management) provided by the community pharmacists for migraine during pregnancy. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in community pharmacies with a cluster sampling of pharmacists. A sample of 200 community pharmacists was recruited from three emirates in the United Arab Emirates. Pregnant woman-related migraine management was assessed using the pseudo-customer model. The used script is not of a real patient but a fake/scripted used to describe the study. Results: No association was found between the gender and nationality of community pharmacists and the ability to be proactive (P =0.5, 0.568) and between the utilization of source of information and gender (P =0.31). The ability to prescribe by community pharmacists without probing or only after a probe was independent of job title (P =0.310); gender (P =0.44) and nationality (P =0.128). The community pharmacists who have offered written information have had significantly higher odds to dispense medication compared to those who have not (OR =45.547, 95% CI: 2.653 - 782.088, P =0.008). Furthermore, the pharmacists who have been reported to ask for precipitating factors of migraine had significantly higher odds to dispense medication compared to those who have not (OR =11.955, 95% CI: 1.083-131.948, P =0.043). The main outcome was the responses of the community pharmacists to the pseudocustomer visit (pregnant woman with migraine). Conclusions: The community pharmacist’s care services (counseling, advice, and management) offered to the pseudo-customer visits was effective for dealing with migraine during pregnancy.

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