Awareness of physicians and pharmacists of aldosterone antagonists in heart failure and myocardial infarction in Jordan

Main Article Content


Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Pharmacists, Physicians, Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists, Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, Clinical Audit, Surveys and Questionnaires, Jordan


Objective: to evaluate physicians and clinical pharmacists' awareness and practices regarding use of aldosterone antagonists in heart failure (HF) and post-myocardial infarction (MI).

Methods: First, we reviewed the prescription of aldosterone antagonists among 408 patients presenting to the cardiology clinic at a major hospital in Jordan. Second, physicians and pharmacists working in cardiovascular departments completed a questionnaire related to use of aldosterone antagonists in HF and post-MI.

Results: Thirty patients (7.59%) were eligible for aldosterone antagonist; only 4 received them at discharge (13.3%). The survey was completed by 153 professionals (response rate 76.12%). About 72.1% of participants were aware of studies regarding use of aldosterone antagonists post-MI and in HF. Moreover, 10.45%/53.6% of participants strongly agreed/agreed that these agents are useful in normotensive post-MI and HF patients. Spironolactone was the most prescribed drug by 92.1% of participants. About 41.8% of participants reported use of spironolactone in post-MI and HF. With respect to guidelines, only 39.2% of participants agreed that adding spironolactone to standard therapy in HF is recommended, and 48.3% agreed on adding it directly post-MI. Clinical pharmacists and cardiologists were generally more aware of guidelines than pharmacists, cardiac surgeons and residents/fellows.

Conclusions: there is an under-use of aldosterone antagonists in HF and post-MI patients, and a lack of detailed awareness of current guidelines among health care providers. Dissemination of evidence-based guidelines and usage protocols may improve management of post-MI and HF.

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