Level of Awareness about Air Pollution among Decision-makers in Jordan: Unveiling Important COPD Etiology

Main Article Content

Nasr Alrabadi
Ahmad Alsayed
Rami Saadeh
Khalid Jameel AL Loze
Mukhallad Aljanabi
Ashraf M. Al-Khamaiseh


air pollution, COPD, knowledge, policymakers, middle east


Purpose: The complete awareness of policymakers about air pollution can play a significant role in dealing with this environmental threat. This study aimed to examine the awareness and perception among the policymakers regarding air pollution in Jordan. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Jordan. The participants included in this study were governmental and non-governmental officials from different sectors. An interview and questionnaire were used to examine the extent of knowledge of these decision-makers regarding air pollution types, sources, and threats. Results: Most participants acknowledged that air pollution in Jordan was a huge problem. Most participants (90%) were familiar with the term air pollution, and regularly read about different contaminants that cause air pollution. However, most of the participants had a low level of knowledge about air contaminant types in Jordan. The least known pollutants were PM2.5 (Particulate Matter 2.5 microns in width) and PM10 (Particulate Matter 10 microns in width). Only 7.5% of the participants knew about PM2.5, while 12.5% knew about PM10. Conclusion: Policymakers have the full authority to initiate and implement policies that intend to limit air pollution. Their complete awareness of air pollution can result in conducting certain protocols to approve new policies and legislations that can improve the air quality in Jordan. Unfortunately, no previous studies were conducted to analyze policymakers’ knowledge regarding air pollution in Jordan, and this study’s results hoped to reflect the importance of air pollutants and their greater significance on public health.

Abstract 184 | PDF Downloads 210


1. Centers EP. What Is Air Pollution? (2020). Environmental Pollution Centers. Retrieved 6 May 2020, from https://www. environmentalpollutioncenters.org/air/
2. Orru H, Ebi KL, Forsberg B. The Interplay of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Health. Current environmental health reports.2017;4(4):504-513. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40572-017-0168-6
3. Likhvar VN, Pascal M, Markakis K, et al. A multi-scale health impact assessment of air pollution over the 21st century. The Science of the total environment.2015;514:439-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.002
4. Burns J, Boogaard H, Polus S, et al. Interventions to reduce ambient particulate matter air pollution and their effect on health. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews.2019;5(5):Cd010919. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD010919.pub2
5. Peters R, Ee N, Peters J, et al. Air pollution and dementia: a systematic review.2019;70(s1):S145-S163. https://doi.org/10.3233/ jad-180631
6. Tbaishat R, Rawabdeh A, Hailat KQ, et al. Reforming policy roles in the Jordanian policy‐making process. 2019;19(1):e1886.
7. Meng W, Zhong Q, Chen Y, et al. Energy and air pollution benefits of household fuel policies in northern China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019;116(34):16773-16780. https://doi.org/10.1073/ pnas.1904182116
8. Guarnieri M, Balmes JR. Outdoor air pollution and asthma. Lancet (London, England).2014;383(9928):1581-92. https://doi. org/10.1016/s0140-6736(14)60617-6
9. Waffenschmidt S, Knelangen M, Sieben W, et al. Single screening versus conventional double screening for study selection in systematic reviews: a methodological systematic review. 2019;19(1):132. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-019-0782-0
10. Al-Jaafreh O, Nagy IJZrDzg, turizam i hotelijerstvo. The environmental challenges, problems, and management: a case study of Jordan. 2018;(47-1):53-70.
11. Al-Zu’bi MJES, Decisions. Jordan’s climate change governance framework: from silos to an intersectoral approach. 2016;36(3):277-301.
12. Hadadin N, Tarawneh ZJAjoes. Environmental issues in Jordan, solutions and recommendations. 2007;3(1):30-36.
13. Likhvar VN, Pascal M, Markakis K, et al. A multi-scale health impact assessment of air pollution over the 21st century. 2015;514:439-449. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.002
14. Odonkor ST, Mahami TJJoE, Health P. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of air pollution in Accra, Ghana: a critical survey. 2020;2020:3657121. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3657161
15. Orru H, Ebi K, Forsberg BJCehr. The interplay of climate change and air pollution on health. 2017;4(4):504-513. https://doi. org/10.1007/s40572-017-0168-6
16. Saed D. Environmental policy in Jordan: analysis, gap identification, and strategies for improvement. 2006;
17. Schmitz S, Weiand L, Becker S, et al. An assessment of perceptions of air quality surrounding the implementation of a trafficreduction measure in a local urban environment. 2018;41:525-537.
18. Shamaileh AYJIJoB, Management. An evaluation of the effectiveness of environment policy in Jordan. 2016;11(2):92.
19. Organization WH. Summary report on the expert consultation on establishing an early warning system and communicating health messages during air pollution episodes, Amman, Jordan 24–25,2019.