Main Article Content
Student, Pharmacy, Education, Distance, COVID-19, Motion Pictures, Pharmacists
Backgound: It has been challenging to conduct university education in face-to-face and large group settings during the COVID-19 pandemic. Accordingly, there is a pressing need for online educational videos. Objective: To create educational videos to highlight community pharmacists’ efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan and investigate pharmacy students’ awareness of community pharmacists’ efforts. Methods: To assess the importance of five educational videos, we conducted a cross-sectional survey. In July 2020, first-year pharmacy students (n = 120) were invited to watch these educational videos, which dealt with infection control measures for COVID-19 in pharmacies and the questions received from patients on COVID-19. Subsequently, the students were asked to respond to a questionnaire to assess the impact of the videos on them. Results: Seventy percent of the students revealed that after watching the videos, they, for the first time, realized the contributions of community pharmacists toward healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of the students reported that their image of the pharmacist profession changed to “a familiar medical professional who is close to patients.” Furthermore, 102 of the participants (85%) were satisfied with the videos and more than 60% said they gave them confidence for their future studies. Conclusions: Creating these five educational videos provided the first-year pharmacy students with an improved understanding of the role played by pharmacists in public health. Through the videos, the role of pharmacists during the COVID-19 pandemic was particularly highlighted. This helped students feel closer to pharmacists, whose role is rarely reported in the media. Moreover, their future goal of becoming a pharmacist was concretized.
2. Lyons KM, Christopoulos A, Brock TP. Sustainable pharmacy education in the time of COVID-19. Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(6):ajpe8088. https://doi.org/10.1128/aac.00635-18
3. Draugalis JR, Johnson EJ, Urice DR. Challenges and lessons amid the COVID-19 pandemic at one college of pharmacy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(6):ajpe8157. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8157
4. Hamza MS, Badary OA, Elmazar MM. Cross-sectional study on awareness and knowledge of COVID-19 among senior pharmacy students. J Community Health. 2021;46(1):139-146. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-33352/v1
5. Kawaguchi-Suzuki M, Nagai N, Akonoghrere RO, et al. COVID-19 pandemic challenges and lessons learned by pharmacy educators around the globe. Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(8):ajpe8197. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8197
6. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Domestic outbreaks of COVID-19, etc. Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. [cited 2023 Feb 14]. Available from https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/0000164708_00001.html.
7. Ministry of Education. Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology. Information on universities, graduate schools, and technical colleges regarding measures for COVID-19. Ministry of Education. Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology. [cited 2023 Feb
14]. Available from https://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/coronavirus/index.html.
8. Yamashita T, Kawamoto D, Nagatsu H. A study of distance learning under the state of emergency announced during the COVID-19 pandemic: What schools need to prepare under emergency conditions (in Japanese). Rigakuryoho Kagaku.
9. Hammond DA, Oyler DR, Devlin JW, et al. Perceived motivating factors and barriers for the completion of postgraduate training among American pharmacy students prior to beginning advanced pharmacy practice experiences. Am J Pharm Educ.
10. Noble C, Coombes I, Shaw PN, et al. Becoming a pharmacist: the role of curriculum in professional identity formation. Pharm Prac. 2014;12(1):380. https://doi.org/10.4321/s1886-36552014000100007
11. Quinn G, Lucas B, Silcock J. Professional identity formation in pharmacy students during an early preregistration training placement. Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(8):ajpe7804. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe7804
12. Giua C, Paoletti G, Minerba L, et al. SIFAC Group of Clinical Community Pharmacists (SGCP) Valerio Cimino Giuseppe Fimiani Valentina Gianotti Alberto Lepore Flora Romano. Community pharmacist’s professional adaptation amid Covid-19 emergency:
a national survey on Italian pharmacists. Int J Clin Pharm. 2021;43(3):708-715. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-020-01228-5
13. International Pharmaceutical Federation. COVID-19 guidance (Part 3). Frequently asked questions and myth busting. International Pharmaceutical Federation. 2020 [cited 2023 Feb 14] Available from https://www.fip.org/file/4727.
14. Kyoto University SPH Health Informatics Pharmacy Group. Videos library. Kyoto University SPH Health Informatics Pharmacy Group. 2020- [cited 2023 Feb 14]]. Available from https://www.kyoto-sph-pharmacy.com/covid-movie.
15. Keller JM. Five fundamental requirements for motivation and volition in technology-assisted distributed learning environments. Revista Inter Ação. 2010;35(2):305-322. https://doi.org/10.5216/ia.v35i2.12668
16. Maeda T, Hiramatsu Y, Saeki K, et al. Survey on awareness of careers of students in the faculty of pharmacy: careers which female students think about (in Japanese). Japan J Pharm Educ. 2018;2:1-10.
17. Elbeddini A, Prabaharan T, Almasalkhi S, et al. Pharmacists and COVID-19. J Pharm Policy Pract. 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40545-020-00241-3
18. Barlow B, Barlow A, Newsome AS. Comment on Gross and MacDougall “Roles of the clinical pharmacist during the COVID-19 pandemic”. J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2020;3(4):829. https://doi.org/10.1002/jac5.1252
19. Nagy DK, Hall JJ, Charrois TL. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pharmacy students’ personal and professional learning. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. 2021;13(10):1312-1318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2021.07.014
20. Ludwig S, Schuelper N, Brown J, et al. How can we teach medical students to choose wisely? A randomised controlled crossover study of video-versus text-based case scenarios. BMC Med. 2018;16(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1090-y
21. Rauch A, Jahn F, Roesner A, et al. Impact of the DC/TMD instructional video on the practical skills of undergraduate students: A single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Eur J Dent Educ. 2021;25(3):435-441. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12618
22. Sugathapala RD, Chandrika MG. Student nurses’ knowledge acquisition on oral medication administration: comparison of lecture demonstration vs. video demonstration. BMC Nurs. 2021;20(1):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00527-6
23. Vandormael A, Adam M, Greuel M, et al. An entertainment-education approach to prevent COVID-19 spread: study protocol for a multi-site randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2020;21(1):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04942-7